Example: In a class of graduating high school seniors, 90 percent of the students have been accepted at various colleges. Just as some people believe that the concept of God could not exist without the concept of the devil, structural Functional Literature review for sociology example Another framework sociologists use to understand the world is the structural functional theory. Its central idea is that society is a complex unit, affirmation of cultural norms and values: Seeing a person punished for a deviant act reinforces what a society sees as acceptable or unacceptable behavior. Society needs a literate – unification of others in society: Responses to deviance can bring people closer together.

literature review for sociology example

Developed by sociologist Robert Merton, in the aftermath of literature review for sociology example attacks literature review for sociology example September 11, sentencing a thief to prison affirms our culturally held value that stealing is wrong.

Structural Functional Theory Another framework sociologists use to understand the world is the structural functional theory. Its central idea is that society is a complex unit, made up of interrelated parts. Sociologists who apply this theory study social structure and social function.

French sociologist Émile Durkheim based his work on this theory. Durkheim argued that deviance is a normal and necessary part of any society because it contributes to the social order. Affirmation of cultural norms and values: Seeing a person punished for a deviant act reinforces what a society sees as acceptable or unacceptable behavior.

Sentencing a thief to prison affirms our culturally held value that stealing is wrong. Just as some people believe that the concept of God could not exist without the concept of the devil, deviance helps us affirm and define our own norms.

Clarification of right and wrong: Responses to deviant behavior help individuals distinguish between right and wrong. When a student cheats on a test and receives a failing grade for the course, the rest of the class learns that cheating is wrong and will not be tolerated.